Amongst the vast landscape of Northern Mexico, exposingits beauty in the subtlest balance betweentowering mountains and rich plains, there lays a place where our Lusitanos call home.Similar to their native region of Lusitania, since birth, they are welcomed to dense pastures and sloping terrains where they are free to roam in conditions ideal to reach their genetic potential, mentally and physically.At the Golondrinas stud farm,our lusitanos graze the hills in herds, allowing for strength, endurance, and mental capacity to be developed each and every day. Meticulous records are kept on every horse from the moment of their birth to the day they are bought and allowed to excel among the best in their discipline. Everything from their behavior among the herd and phenotypic features are assessed during these early years. What sets apart the breeding program at Golondrinas Lusitanos, and thus, what is offered, is the rigorous selection process and genetic analysis in place. After 3 years in rich pastures, colts and fillies are brought to the stables to begin their training. Henceforth, they will be in the hands of qualified trainers and assessed on a case-by-case basis. Trainers, adhering to classical methods of schooling, will identify and accentuate their…
Our roots date back to Spain during the 1800’s when Golondrinas was founded with the intention of breeding the best bulls for bullfights. Having a history in Portugal with bullfighting dating back centuries, our affiliation with the Lusitano breed came naturally and the breeding of Lusitanos became an integral part of Golondrinas thereafter. Ever since, Golondrinas has become one of the most renowned breeding farms in Mexico and we have acquired,through painstaking effort, the knowledge and diligence that has allowed us to reach such a level. Our success is derived from the thorough collection of data and rigorous selection process. At Golondrinas Lusitanos, our work is, first and foremost, as breeders, then aslovers of this most unique breed
“All human beings love horses. I think everyone is thankful for the many ways a horse will make himself useful, giving willingly of the work we expect from him, and also the pleasure he gives us in so many other ways. A rider who loves not his horse will only bring danger upon himself. When I speak of strength and courage, I do not mean brutal and daring riders, but I mean the relaxed strength of the rider who allows the horse to move in a more natural, balanced and elegant way. These characteristics of the good rider lead him on the road to perfection.
Difficulties have to be overcome by allowing sufficient time to strengthen the horse’s muscles. It is this which makes many think that dressage is pointless. Thus many riders neglect those gymnastic exercises so necessary to achieve suppleness, balance, obedience, and collection. Without these exercises, no horse will show good free movements and allow the rider to sit comfortable, regardless of the use to which the horse is put by the rider-fox hunting, jumping, the riding of intricate figures, or all of these pursuits. Therefore, it does not make any sense to debate these unwarranted opinions. Art speaks for itself.”
La Guerniere, Paris 1733
“The objet of the Classical Art of Riding is to train the horse not only to be brilliant in the movements and exercises of the High School, but also to be quiet, supple, and obedient, and by his movements and exercises of the High School, but also to be quiet, supple, and obedient, and by his smooth movements to make riding a true pleasure.”
Alois Podhasky 1967
“The ideal is to train the horse and so obtain harmony and perfection in all movements between rider and horse so that they appear to be as one.”
(R. Watjen, 1958)
The word dressage comes from the French word dresser, which means to train. Although currently referred to as the discipline by which one competes with the intent of performing finely executed schooling movements, dressage essentially encompasses the correct training and development of a horse, mentally and physically. The development of the advanced training of horses was a necessary utility for a horse to be used during battle, in particular, the high school movements (haute école). The dialogue of masters, who imparted profound knowledge to this discipline, dates back to around 400 BC, whereby a Greek commander by the name of Xenophon established the first principles on classical riding. Since then, there have been a few men to whom we can ascribe the title of “masters.” It is because of these men that passed on their knowledge, that we have the tools to develop this sport into an art form.
Throughout this website one may find principles laid down by these honorable masters, whose words bring out the extravagance and grandeur inherent in each horse’s capacity. In Portugal, it was the work of the 4thMarquess of Marialva, which made such a lasting impact on Portuguese equitation and the training of the Lusitano. Thus dubbed the Art of Marialva, through a progressive system of exercises, he was able to set down a code of rules for the suppling and development of the Lusitano for mounted bullfighting in the region. Although applicable to all breeds, it is a system of training that can be still seen today at the Portuguese School of Equestrian Art and Andalusian School of Equestrian Art. There is no doubt of the affinity this breed has for the precision, agility, strength, and concentration required for this type of work.
Every year, more and more riders are seen at dressage competitions with Lusitanos, including the Brazilian and Portuguese team, who exclusively ride Lusitanos at Grand Prix Olympic competitions.
Among all the equestrian disciplines, Working Equitation (WE) is the most recently developed, having been first presented at the European Championship in Italy 1996. The goal of WE is to preserve the riding traditions and manner found in the fields and farms of Europe, especially Spain and Portugal. Although not as technical as dressage riding, WE, or what is traditionally known as DomaVaquera, holds its own system of performancecriteria. The ultimate goal is to have…
The dressage trial is performed in a conventional dressage arena, meeting the FEI dimensions of 20X40 meters, and is conducted quite similarly to dressage competitions. In proportion to the level, different exercises are performed and judged on a scale from 1 to 10. As the purpose of the WE dressage trial is to judge movements relating to fieldwork, emphasis lies on the working gaits, walk and canter, although trot is now seen at most levels…
Ease of Handling Trial
The Ease of Handling Trial, also referred to as the Manageability or Technique trial, tests the efficiency of a rider to navigate through ordered obstacles with accuracy, ease, and smoothness. Examples of obstacles that normally occur are bridges, opening and closing a gate, a small jump, and situations that require reinback. This trial, with the exception of the lower levels, is performed in walk and canter. Riders are judged on a scale from 1 to…
The speed trial consists of a rider going through a course with the same obstacles as the Ease of Handling trial; however, riders are not judged on style, but rather, timed and compared accordingly. The Speed Trial tests the rider’s coordination and the ability to anticipate and plan ahead. This trial also works as a way to test the horse’s attention, speed, and skill.
This trial is performed in teams of 3 or 4 riders, whereby each rider must sort, cut, and herd a pre-selected cow from the herd and then as a team, put it in a designated pen. At the same time, the remaining animals of the herd have to be kept in a marked area. This is a timed event as well and as such, there are time penalties for course errors.
Since the Iberian Peninsula was virtually cut off from any outside influences, due to the nature of its geography, their approach to riding, the gineta style, remained unchanged for ages. The Roman practice of tauromachy, continued to flourish in the regions of Portugal and Spain long after the decline of the Roman Empire. Unlike the original barbaric Roman spectacle, however, which took the form of a virtual free for all, bullfighting came to be governed…
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